Antecedent cue regulation refers to the act of providing a cue, or prompt, which acts as a signal or stimulus for a desired behavior. The cue is provided BEFORE the behavior. The cue is the antecedent to the behavior. Over time the cue acts as a stimulus for the behavior to occur. Antecedent cue regulation focuses upon setting up the cue or a stimulus for the behavior rather than setting up the outcome or consequence of the behavior (Wehmeyer, Agran, Hughes, 1998). A prompt or signal such as a picture, photograph, noise, or sign can be used to cue specific behaviors in specific situations that lead to positive outcomes.
Antecedent cue regulation may be particularly valuable in Phase 2 of the model: What is my plan? Once a plan has been developed, cues can be set up to help the consumer implement the action plan. Cues can be useful when completing complex task or tasks with multiple steps (Wehmeyer, Agran, Palmer, & Mithaug, 1999). The antecedent cue results in less reliance upon a teacher or facilitator and more self-management. It is a potentially powerful tool in enhancing autonomy and increasing self-determination.
The following material will review some of the steps for developing visual, auditory and tactile antecedent cue regulation.
Visual cues include photographs, pictures, illustrations, line drawings, diagrams with text or symbols, and checklists that are arranged in a specific sequence that increased the likelihood of the occurrence of desired behaviors. Pictures cues are used by persons with and without disabilities and can be varied to meet the learning needs and strengths of an individual. Pictures do not require reading skills and are frequently seen as prompts in all types of settings in the community.
Agran, King-Sears, Wehmeyer & Copeland (2003) list the following steps in designing an antecedent cue regulation system with visual cues:
Once the picture prompts have been developed, Agran, King-Sears, Wehmeyer, and Copeland (2003) recommend going through the following steps to make sure consumers are able to use the visual prompts to initiate and complete each step in the task.
Page updated 10/30/06
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