You have just completed a self study course designed to provide you with information on The Self-Determination Career Development Model of Instruction. This model is based upon the principles of self-determination and self-directed learning.
The model contains three-phases or problems to solve and each of the three phases provides a four-step (-question) problem-solving sequence to answer the problem. While not identical, the four questions are: 1) What is the problem? 2) What are the potential solutions to the problem? 3) What are the barriers to solving the problem? and 4) What are the consequences to each potential solution? While the questions may vary from phase to phase, they represent identical steps in the problem solving sequence. Answering the questions in this sequence provides the consumer with support for learning to problem solve.
Answering the first four questions in Phase 1 results in solving the first problem, “What is my goal?” and leads to the problem posed in the second phase, “What is my plan?” Another four questions help the consumer work through Phase 2 to design an action plan for achieving his or her goal. Finally, the consumer addresses a final problem, “What have I achieved?” with a final set of four questions to work through and solve the problem.
It is important to remember that the consumer directs each phase of this process. It is the consumer’s goal, action plan, and self-evaluation. The facilitator provides the consumer with support and guidance but the consumer has to direct the process in order to get the job and/or career he or she wants.
Self-determination skills are enhanced when there are opportunities to develop and use skills that are considered component elements of self-determination such as: problem solving, decision making, choice making, and goal development. Instructional packages have been developed to help self-direct learning these skills. These instructional packages are included in this material and they called Employment Supports. Activity Forms have also been provided to help a consumer explore his or her job or career interests and related activities.
This model provides people with disabilities with a self-directed process that will enable them to use a self-regulated problem solving strategy to achieve their job and career goals. While designed to be used with the assistance of a facilitator, it can be used with a teacher, mentor, parent or guardian or independently by a consumer. It has been used successfully by people with a variety of disabilities, interests and backgrounds. As a facilitator it will be important for you understand that you play a critical role of supporting - and not directing - the process.
Page updated 10/24/06
All instructional content © Copyright 2006 by Michael L. Wehmeyer, Ph.D. All rights reserved.
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